Green Stormwater Infrastructure

Green stormwater infrastructure (GSI) is infrastructure that uses vegetation, soils, and natural processes to manage rainwater and improve water quality. Similar to Low Impact Development (LID) measures, GSI also includes landscape-based stormwater treatment systems that uses soil and plants, pervious paving systems, rainwater harvesting systems, and other methods to capture and treat stormwater.

Common types of GSI include: 

  • Bioretention
  • Stormwater Tree Well Filters 
  • Pervious Pavement 
  • Infiltration Facilities
  • Green Roofs
  • Rainwater Harvesting
Bioretention basin (Courtesy of County of Santa Clara)
​Bioretention basin (Courtesy of County of Santa Clara)
tree well filter
Stormwater Tree Well Filter (Courtesy of

County’s GSI Commitment

On September 10, 2019, the County’s Board of Supervisors adopted the County's GSI Plan​, which provides a roadmap for how the County will gradually transform traditional storm drainage systems from "gray" to "green" by incorporating GSI into projects in the public right-of-way and County-owned properties. The GSI Plan guides the process of identification, prioritization, tracking, and reporting projects. GSI will provide multiple benefits to the community, including improved water and air quality, reduced flooding, increased water supply, traffic calming, safer pedestrian and bicycle facilities, climate resiliency, improved wildlife habitat, a more sustainable urban environment, and help reduce loads of pollutants of concern (POCs), particularly mercury and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), conveyed through stormwater into our local waterways, flowing from creeks out into the San Francisco and Monterey bays. PCBs and mercury were commonly used in industrial and electrical applications, building materials, and household items. These legacy pollutants are carried through stormwater and toxic levels can build up in fish and shellfish in the bay. 

County’s GSI Installations

Permeable Pavers
The Charcot Ave. Campus site construction broke ground in May 2018 and was completed in June 2018. The Charcot project converted approximately 1,800 square feet of asphalt to pervious pavers.


Permeable Pavers
The Berger Dr. Campus site construction broke ground in early July 2018 and was completed in August 2018. The Berger project converted approximately 6,300 square feet of asphalt to pervious pavers.


Related Resources

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